Reggae has made numerous transformations through the years. Reggae musicians have added various influences and other popular musicians have furthered the style. In the latter part of the 1970s vocal groups such as Culture and the Abyssinians added rich harmonies and religious meditations to reggae.
Singer Gregory Isaacs became highly popular in the 1980s by bringing a crooning style to the genre. An electronic, techno-pop-based variation of reggae, known as raggamuffin or ragga, emerged with the song “Under Me Sleng Teng” (1985), which was produced by King Jammy. The British band UB40 has been a successful advocate of pop-reggae, topping the Billboard magazine popular music charts with the song “Red Red Wine” in 1988.
The raw DJ style of Jamaican performer Shabba Ranks earned him consecutive Grammy Awards in 1991 and 1992. In the 1990s American rock bands such as No Doubt revived the Ska style. Many other popular artists have been or continue to be influenced by the rhythms of reggae, including British musicians such as the Rolling Stones, the Beatles, Eric Clapton, and the Police, and American musicians Paul Simon and Stevie Wonder.


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